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Overview of Trends of Economic Inequality in Mauritius
|Has the dispersion of earnings been increasing in recent decades?||No evidence.|
|Has overall inequality increased in recent years?||Yes, the Gini coefficient increased by 4 percentage points since 2001 after a period of sustained reduction in inequality.|
|Have there been periods when overall inequality fell for a sustained period?||Yes, the Gini coefficient fell by 13 percentage points between 1962 and 1991.|
|Has poverty been falling or rising in recent decades?||Insufficient evidence.|
|Has there been a U-pattern for top income shares over time?||Yes, top gross income shares were falling from mid-1970s to mid-1990s and rising in the most recent decade.|
|Has the distribution of wealth followed the same pattern as income?||No evidence.|
|Additional noteworthy features|
Sources and References
Sources for the historical data series:
Overall inequality: Gini coefficient for monthly household disposable income (not equivalised) from report on Household Budget Survey (HBS) 2012, Table 3, report on HBS 2006/07, Table 3, and report on HBS 2001/02, Table 5, linked to earlier series for 1975 to 1991 from WIID, and figure for 1962 given by Subramanian (2001, page 2).
Top income shares: Shares of top 1 and 0.1 per cent in total gross income from WTID, based on work of Atkinson (2011).
Poverty: Proportion of households with equivalised income below 50 per cent of the median from report on Household Budget Survey (HBS) 2012, Table 7 and report on HBS 2006/07, Table 7.
Individual Earnings: To the best of our knowledge no data on earnings decile ratio are available for Mauritius.
Wealth: To the best of our knowledge no data on wealth distribution are available for Mauritius.
- Atkinson, A B, 2011, “Top incomes in Mauritius: A 75 year history”, working paper.
- Subramanian, A, 2001, “Mauritius: A case study”, Finance and Development, vol 38: 1-7.